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Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive


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Who Needs to Comply with the EMC Directive?

The EMC Directive is one of the 'New Approach' Directives and applies across all 27 member states of the European Union (EU). The Directive applies to all electronic or electrical products liable to cause or be disturbed by electromagnetic interference (EMI).  As a result a large number of manufacturers in the electronics or electrical industries need to ensure that their products are compliant with the requirements of the Directive and be able to demonstrate that this is the case in order to affix a valid CE Marking

EMC Directive in Brief

Compliance with the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive 2004/108/EC is mandatory for nearly all electrical and electronic equipment imported into the European Union (EU). The EMC Directive requires that all products should comply with the basic protection requirements;

  • The electromagnetic disturbance generated by the apparatus does not exceed a level specified in harmonised EMC Standards. This level is that above which radio and telecommunications equipment or other equipment may not be able to operate as intended.
  • It has a level of immunity to the electromagnetic disturbance to be expected in its intended use, which allows it to operate without unacceptable degradation of its specified performance.

The EMC Directive and Routes to Compliance:

The EMC Directive has two methods manufacturers can follow to demonstrate compliance:

Internal Production Control: An electromagnetic compatibility assessment is performed. The assessment takes into account relevant phenomena as well as the normal intended operating environment. Detailed documentary evidence must be developed to demonstrate the product complies with the protection requirements in all possible configurations for its intended use.

EU Type Examination: An electromagnetic compatibility assessment is performed, and a Notified Body examines the technical documentation and attests that the product meets the essential requirements of the directive. An EU type examination certificate is provided as well as an evaluation report. 

Technical Documentation

The documentation required by the EMC Directive consists of:

- The Technical File - evidence is compiled demonstrating that the product complies with the essential requirements of the Directive.  The purpose of this is to enable conformity of the product with the protection requirements to be assessed.

- The EC Declaration of Conformity - compliance with the essential requirements is declared by an EC Declaration of Conformity issued by the manufacturer.  The EC Declaration of Conformity must contain the following information:

  1. a reference to the EMC Directive
  2. an identification of the product to which it refers
  3. the name and address of the manufacturer and where applicable, the name and address of his authorised representative
  4. a dated reference to the specifications under which conformity is declared to ensure the conformity of the apparatus with the provisions of the EMC Directive
  5. the date of that declaration; and
  6. the identity and signature of the person empowered to bind the manufacturer or his authorised representative

Technology International is a Notified Body (0673) for the EMC Directive, and can support both routes to compliance.

Why use Technology International Group?

The Technology International Group has over 25 years experience of assisting clients with their regulatory compliance needs. Technology International provides fast, efficient, and cost-effective EMC certifications.

EMC services include:

  • Product compliance reviews
  • EMC Testing, at either your facility or ours. (It is more efficient to conduct the testing at your facility)
  • Notified Body EU Type Examinations

With offices in the US, Europe and Asia the Technology International Group is recognized globally as an expert in the fields of EMC and mechanical & electrical safety.

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